Whether installing a solar system for a home or business, installing on a flat roof is a feasible alternative.

Since that is the norm in housing, the majority of residential equipment will be on sloping or pitched roofs. Still, there are a lot of flat roofs on homes, including those over garages, garden and rooms.

Why Would You Install Solar on A Flat Roof?

The ideal option to capture sunlight would be to install flat panels on an outbuilding or in the garden, as some residences may only have a north-facing roof.

If your home’s main roof is occasionally, or even partially shaded, it might be a good idea to install additional panels on a level area in addition to the ones on top of the structure.

Maybe you even have an apartment! Installing panels on the top of apartment buildings and tower blocks is a terrific concept, but it might be a little more difficult if you rent the property or share it with others.

How Do You Install Solar Panels On A Flat Roof?

There are many systems that can be used to attach solar panels to flat roofs.

Let’s take a look at a few:

Mini Rails 

Installing mini rail systems on metal roofs with box sections is quite common.

These rails, which typically support one or two solar panels, are fastened directly into the roof using self-tapping screws.

In arrays with multiple panels, a mid-fixing piece is used to link the rails.

Mini rails have the following benefits: they are inexpensive, simple to install, and ideal for low-load bearing roofs.

Flat panels don’t self-clean in the rain, therefore maintaining a spotless array may require additional costs.


The most common method for installing panels on flat surfaces, like as rooftops, is by using frames.

Despite frequently costing more than tiny rails, they are also far more versatile and will save money on cleaning because the panels are angled.


A solar panel mounting tub can be roughly compared to a household storage container that has been sliced in half diagonally.

To secure it, the tub is typically set on a level surface and then filled with sand or even water.

Next, the panels are fastened to the tub at the proper angle, which corresponds to the angle at which the tubs are formed or sliced. 

Tubs are not limited to flat roof applications; they can also be mounted on the ground, particularly on solar farms.

They are lightweight, portable, and very easy to clean because it’s much easier to get between the panels.

Angled Systems for East and West Facing Panels

The ability to arrange the panels at any angle and in any direction is a huge benefit of having a flat roof.

To get the most out of that type of setup, you may position them southward. Alternatively, you could use an east/west array, which can use many more panels because there is no shadowing, to improve your yield.

Additionally, the panels might be more secure because they are less vulnerable to air pressure because they support one another.

Best Angle for Solar Panels on Flat Roofs

As we’ve already mentioned, one major benefit of having flat roof solar panels is that you may adjust their angle.

A solar panel should be angled between 30 and 40 degrees for best results.

Pitch ranges for roofs are 20 to 50 degrees, with 40 to 50 being the most common.

Therefore, the majority of roofs are ideal for solar panels; however, the efficiency of your panels will decrease if your house is in the lower or higher percentile.

Benefits of Flat Roof Solar Panels

Installing solar panels on a flat roof has several advantages, but one of the key ones is always there: free power straight from the sun!

Still, there are a couple neat features unique to flat roof mounting.

There won’t be any restrictions on the kinds of solar panels you can use because you typically have more space, greater flexibility when using 2-way arrays, and no shade.

Because you can fit more in a smaller space, you can generate your electricity using less efficient panels, which are typically cheaper.

The ideal angle for a panel might vary depending on the type of panel, location, and region of the world.

Because flat roofs do not have defined angles, you can position your panels to be exactly at the right pitch for that specific building, which also aids in the self-cleaning process.

Although we still think panels look great, installing panels on a flat roof has the added benefit of making them less noticeable from the ground.

Do You Need Planning Permission for Solar on a Flat roof?

No, as long as you abide by all current building standards, installing panels on a flat roof usually doesn’t require planning approval.

For reasons of wind loads, the panels themselves must be at least one meter away from the edge of the roof and cannot protrude more than one meter beyond the roof’s surface.

But if you want to move from the roof to the floor, you’ll need to get approval for anything larger than nine square meters.

We calculated it would require six of our panels, so the floor could actually only be used for extra capacity or for half of a household installation.

Permission for commercial installations on factories, etc., is typically not required.

How Does The Weather Affect Solar Panels On Flat Roofs?  

This very much depends on the method of fitting, the location of the panels and the weather.

Extreme Heat

The flat roof panels will have an advantage in this situation.

Panels installed on flat roofs, which typically have a lot of space surrounding them, will operate slightly colder than panels installed on standard pitched roof systems, which are positioned closer to the roof.

A panel’s yield will decrease as it heats up because the resistance in the solar cells rises along with it. This means that electricity finds it more difficult to “flow” through the panel.

Natural wind flows over angled solar panels on a flat roof system, lowering the temperature.

High Winds

Though often not powerful enough to interfere with a solar array on someone’s roof, the winds are chilly and bothersome.

On the other hand, if climate change intensifies, extreme weather events become more frequent, and wind speeds that are comparable to hurricanes may increase.

Because the wind can get beneath the solar panels and lift them off the roof, a flat roof solar system may be more vulnerable in these conditions than a pitched roof system.

In these conditions, ballasted systems would be the most likely to fail, while roof-bolted systems would withstand much stronger gusts.


Once more, there is little possibility of rain damaging any system.

Depending on the angle at which the panels are installed, the only drawback of a flat roof system would be its inability to clean itself.

Pitched roof solar systems depend on precipitation to maintain their panels free of dust, dirt, and grime; however, the less inclined the panels are, the less probable it is that the rain will carry the dirt away with it.


Snow does not pose a significant threat to a flat roof solar system; but, these systems are more likely to be covered in snow, which will obstruct light from reaching the cells. Snow must cover the cells by around 5 cm in order to completely halt production.

Why Choose Ecuip Engineering for Flat Roofs Solar Panels?

At Ecuip Engineering, we specialize in swift, cost-effective delivery of solar design engineering and precise permit sets customized for your residential and commercial solar projects. With our in-house team’s expertise, we ensure your solar design plans meet all standards, navigating the intricacies of local jurisdictions within our service area. With over 3000 successful solar design projects across more than 200 jurisdictions in the state, our Florida solar design engineering expertise is unquestionable. Our unique strength lies in blending engineer and installer perspectives, ensuring you benefit from a comprehensive approach. From navigating stringent high wind code requirements to understanding the distinct demands of Miami-Dade and Broward counties, we are well-equipped to deliver unparalleled solar engineering solutions in the Sunshine State.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you put solar panels on a flat roof?

Absolutely, it’s entirely possible to install solar panels on the flat roof of your home or business. However, it’s important to recognize that there are certain challenges to consider. One such challenge is that flat roofs often have limited slope allowances, which can affect the installation of solar PV panel systems.

Can you install solar panels on a rubber roof?

The Roof-Solar EPDM system is designed specifically for mounting solar panels on flat roofs, particularly those with rubber membrane roofing materials.


The installation of solar panels on flat roofs offers a promising avenue for harnessing renewable energy. Despite some unique challenges such as limited slope allowances and varying weather conditions, innovative mounting systems like Mini Rails, Frames, and Tubs provide practical solutions for maximizing solar energy production.

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